This is the grade that a student would receive if he/she stopped working and received 0% for all unfinished activities. This grade is essentially a harsh penalty for not completing work. Many teachers decide to use this grade as the final course grade.
This is commonly used in credit recovery courses because it will show the point at which the student recovers the credit.
Unsubmitted essays that have been opened do not count as zeros towards the relative grade. This is because it is believed the student is working on the assignment and will submit it shortly.
- provides a metric that can be used if a student drops the course